Technology is disrupting the world today, just as it has done for the last 2.5 million years, but how has the definition evolved over the centuries?
18th and 19th Centuries
The oldest reference to the word ‘technology’ itself is from 1775, and was described by the Germans – teknologie – as a system of classification for the practical arts. In the 1800’s, teknologie was replaced by technik and meant the "totality of tools, machines, systems and processes used in the practice arts and engineering".
With the Industrial Revolution at its peak, around 1820 and 1830, the word technology appeared and it meant the application of knowledge dealing with the mechanical arts for practical purposes and the end-product resulting from those applications.
In 1898, the word technology started to appear more often, and its definition also changed as the industry evolved through the 20th and 21st centuries.