CBR compiles a list of the top five locations where your data centre will survive anything.
Billions of dollars are spent every year in the data centre industry with big colo firms such as Equinix and Digital Realty being among the big investors .
But where should a small, medium or larger enterprise look at building a new facility to keep data?
CBR looks at the top five places to build a data centre.
There are more than three million data centres in the US using over 100 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity according to the country’s Department of Energy.
The majority of them are located in the New York region, but colo companies are looking at reducing costs and taking their facilities out of the Big Apple.
The most recent hot spot for data centres is the State of Nevada a few hours away from California. Earlier this year, the state’s senate approved a new bill that gives tax benefits to companies investing $250 million or more to build a data centre.
Nevada’s earthquake history is not a threat: in more than 300 years, the strongest shake occurred in October 3 1915 and measured 7.1 on the Ritcher scale. Although, smaller earthquakes of two to four on the scale are common.
The weather can reach some highs above 40 degrees Celsius during the summer, but not enough to bring a site down. The annual average temperature according to the US National Climatic Data Centre is between 15 and 30 degrees Celsius. Powering local businesses with solar energy is a good investment.
The United States as a whole has one of the world’s most advanced telecommunications network. It includes multiple ocean cable systems providing international connectivity satellite earth stations with 61 Intelsat (45 in the Atlantic Ocean and 16 in the Pacific Ocean), 5 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region), and 4 Inmarsat (Pacific and Atlantic Ocean regions).
Switch was the latest company to announce the construction of a full three million sq ft facility in Tahoe Reno Industrial Centre, Nevada. The company will be investing $1 billion on the Supernap site, with the first stage of the project due to be concluded in early 2016. Switch will deploy 500 miles of fibre optic network to connect Reno with Las Vegas, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. Data will travel at a speed nearly three times faster than the speed of light, crossing the 500 miles in seven milliseconds.
Apple is another big player in the local data centre industry. The company set bases in Reno with its cloud data centre over four years ago, which the iPhone company ‘secretly expanding’ the hub this year. Apple is also committed to power its facilities with renewable energy and has invested millions to build a solar farm on site.
The UK is increasingly seeing more collocation sites being built. From Scotland’s Aberdeen to Manchester in England. But it is London that attracts the majority of data centres.
London has over 70 data centres, most in its two main locations of Slough and London Docklands where the central internet exchanges LINX and LoNAP are located offering the best connection between carriers and services.
Earthquakes in the UK happen every year, but the vast majority are not strong enough to even be felt. The risk of a data centre being destroyed due an earthquake is low.
London is 2000km away from the border of the Euroasian tectonic plate with the North American plate. The biggest recorded shake in Britain happened in June 7 1931, killing two people and had a magnitude of 6.1 on the Ritcher scale. This was the strongest event in more than 1,000 years.
Other natural disasters like hurricanes, tornadoes or heat waves are also not common and hardly would cause a modern data centre to be shut down. Although, special attention needs to be taken when it comes to floods.
The UK has a long record of flooding, and the Thames in the past ten years has scared many across its banks. The Docklands are more exposed to such event when compared to Slough, but the city’s Thames Barrier has kept waters away from the financial district since it was built.